Land Regeneration Programmes
A region wide programme of land regeneration activity was developed including: Newlands, REVIVE in Cheshire, REMADE in Lancashire; Cumbria Soft End Uses and the regenerated Liverpool Garden Festival site. These programmes have tackled the legacy of Brownfield land with no economic value, creating a series of strategic green infrastructure, community woodlands and accessible open spaces.
- Newlands – Launched in the summer of 2003, Newlands was awarded £59 million of NWDA funding to reclaim c.800Ha of Brownfield land across the region. Newlands responds to local and regional economic and social needs, tackling some of the worst areas of neglected land in the Northwest and transforming them into thriving, durable, community woodlands.
- REMADE – funded by the NWDA to tackleLancashire’s 2,400 hectares of Brownfield land. It is aimed at larger areas of derelict land, with sites identified ranging in size from about 1 hectare to over 30 hectares. Over 300 Ha have been turned into quality public spaces
- REVIVE – REVIVE was a programme of soft end-use land reclamation which aimed to bring into use 170 hectares of predominantly brownfield land in the Cheshire and Warrington sub-region over a seven year period.
NWDA funded a programme of investments in cultural and economic activity, for example on the Mersey Waterfront, to provide regeneration and image benefits. A coordinating body, Regional Parks Xchange was also created to transfer best practice and fund pilot projects.
- Mersey Waterfront – started in 2003 with a mission to create a unique sense of place that would attract people to live, work, visit and invest in theLiverpool city-region. It produced an innovative framework, with a series of ‘Windows on the Waterfront’ to manage visitor destinations. The NWDA invested £20m in the programme’s two phases, attracting a total of £91m of match funding from the EU and the private sector
- Adapting the Landscape – borne out of the region’s experience of developing and managing regional parks, the ‘Adapting the Landscape’ framework is a ‘companion’ document to the ’Atlantic Gateway’, looking at improving the contribution to the production of energy and food, as well as its role in providing a high quality environment to attract and retain talent for the knowledge economy. The Atlantic Gateway Partnership is working to establish a Community Environment Fund, using voluntary levies from development to undertake environmental projects across theMersey basin
Other Regional Parks include Croal Irwell, East Lancashire, Morecambe andDuddon,North WestCoastal Trail, Ribble Coasts Wetlands,WeaverValleyand Wigan Greenheart.
In recent years, thinking on green infrastructure has moved from ecology to economics. Resources such as the countryside, coast, wetlands, urban parks, street trees and their ecosystems are seen as critical for sustainable economic growth and social goals, not just a way of supporting wildlife and ‘the environment’. Through the NWDA’s groundbreaking working on the economic benefits of Green Infrastructure (GI), we now know:
- The environment is critical to sustainable economic prosperity
- GI can mitigate and alleviate the effects of climate change.
- Attractive environments draw in investment and enhance property values
- Workers with access to GI are healthier and more productive
- Assessing the value of GI is still a work in process. Economic value is complemented by the non-market social and environmental benefits